Make sure you know what the following concepts mean and how to use them appropriately:
- event vs. state (using the information in chapter 9 if needed)
- result state
Make sure you understand:
- that syntactic or morphological tense does not always correspond to semantic tense;
- the different interpretations of tenses, for instance:
- that the present tense is interpreted as present with states, habitual with events;
- the different interpretations of aspects, for instance:
- that the present progressive has a temporal frame reading with events (example (25)), but for states the temporal frame reading is the present (example (26));
- that the present progressive is either unacceptable with states, or suggests temporariness (examples in (27) vs. (28));
- also check the interpretations of the perfect, and their interaction with eventuality type (event vs. state) and time adverbials.
Make sure you know how to:
- formalize simple tenses with the operators Pres, Past, Fut (see example (21));
- give the truth conditions of sentences with simple tenses (see example (24));
- give a Reichenbachean analysis of the English verb group.